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Sport in New Zealand largely reflects the nation's British colonial heritage, with some of the most popular sports being rugby blackrugby leaguecricketfootball soccerhorse racingnew and netballwhich zealand primarily played in Commonwealth countries. New Zealand is a small nation but has enjoyed success in many sports, notably rugby union considered men national sportrugby league, cricket, America's Cup sailing, world championship and Olympics events, and motorsport. Other popular sports include squashgolfhockeytennis dating, cyclingand trampingand a culture of water sportsparticularly sailing rowingand surf sports. Sport New Zealand is the main government agency responsible for governing sport and recreation in New Zealand. The data only includes students that had a "meaningful engagement" in the sport, dating older women is a waste.
Hawaii is one of the most visited areas within new Polynesian Triangle, entertaining more than ten million men annually, excluding The zealand of Hawaii, like that of New Zealand, is steadily dependent on annual tourists and financial counseling or aid from other countries culture states. Under the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere, all nations stretching from Southeast and Northeast Asia to Black would be united under one, large, cultural culture economic bloc which would be free from Western imperialism.
The zealand theorists who conceived it, along with men Japanese public, largely saw it as a pan-Asian movement driven by ideals of freedom and independence from Western colonial oppression. In practice, however, it was frequently corrupted black militarists who saw it as an effective policy vehicle through which to strengthen Japan's position and advance its dominance new Asia.
At its greatest extent, it stretched from Japanese occupied Indochina in the west to the Gilbert Islands in the east, although it was originally planned to stretch as far east as Hawai'i and Easter Island and as dating west as India. This never came to fruition, however, as Japan was defeated during World War II and subsequently lost all power and influence it had. After several years of discussing a potential regional grouping, three sovereign states Samoa, Tonga and Tuvalu and five self-governing but non-sovereign territories formally launched, in Novemberthe Polynesian Leaders Group dating, intended to cooperate on a variety of issues including culture and language, education, responses to climate change, and trade and investment.
It does not, however, constitute a political or monetary union. Polynesia comprised islands diffused throughout a triangular area with sides of four thousand miles. The area from the Hawaiian Islands in the north, to Easter Island in the east and to New Zealand in the south were all settled by Polynesians.
Navigators traveled to small inhabited islands using only their own senses and knowledge passed by oral tradition from navigator to apprentice. In order to black directions at various times of day and year, navigators in Eastern Polynesia memorized important facts: the motion zealand specific starsand where they would rise on the horizon of the ocean; weather ; times of travel; wildlife species which congregate at particular positions ; directions of swells on the ocean, and how the crew would feel their motion; colors of the sea and sky, especially how clouds would cluster zealand the locations of some islands; and angles for approaching harbors.
These wayfinding techniques, along with outrigger canoe construction methods, were kept as guild secrets. Generally, each island maintained a guild of navigators who had very high status; in times of famine or difficulty these navigators could trade for aid or evacuate people to neighboring islands. On his first voyage of Pacific exploration Cook had the services of a Polynesian navigator, Tupaiawho drew a hand-drawn chart of the islands within 3, km 2, mi radius to the north and west of his home island of Ra'iatea.
Tupaia had knowledge of islands and new 74 on his chart. He had not visited western Polynesia, as since his grandfather's time the extent of voyaging by Raiateans has diminished to the islands of eastern Polynesia. His grandfather and father had dating to Tupaia the knowledge as to the new of the major islands of western Polynesia and the navigation information necessary to voyage to FijiSamoa and Tonga. To this culture, original traditional methods of Polynesian Navigation are still taught in the Polynesian outlier of Taumako Island in the Solomon Islands.
From a single chicken bone recovered from the archaeological site of El Arenal-1, on the Arauco PeninsulaChile, a research report looking at radiocarbon dating and an ancient DNA sequence indicate that Polynesian navigators may have reached the Americas at least years before Columbus who arrived ADintroducing chickens to South America. In contrast, sequences from two archaeological sites on Easter Island group with an uncommon haplogroup from Indonesia, Japan, and China and may represent a genetic signature of an early Polynesian dispersal.
Modeling of the potential marine carbon contribution to the Chilean archaeological specimen casts further doubt on claims for pre-Columbian chickens, and definitive proof will require further analyses of ancient DNA sequences and radiocarbon and stable isotope data from archaeological excavations within both Chile and Dating. Knowledge of the traditional Polynesian methods of navigation was largely lost after contact with and colonization by Europeans.
This left the problem of accounting for the presence of the Polynesians in such isolated and scattered parts of the Pacific. By the late 19th century to the early 20th century, a more generous view of Polynesian navigation had come into favor, perhaps creating a romantic picture of their canoes, seamanship and navigational expertise. In the mid to late s, scholars began testing sailing and paddling experiments related to Polynesian navigation: David Lewis sailed his catamaran from Tahiti to New Zealand using stellar navigation without instruments and Ben Finney built a meter foot replica of a Hawaiian double canoe "Nalehia" and tested it in Hawaii.
Recent re-creations of Polynesian voyaging have used methods based largely on Culture methods and the teachings of a Micronesian navigator, Mau Piailug. Men is probable that the Polynesian navigators employed a whole range of techniques including use of the stars, the movement of ocean currents and wave patterns, the air and sea interference patterns caused by islands and atollsthe flight of black, the winds and the weather. Scientists think that long-distance Polynesian voyaging followed the seasonal paths of birds.
There are some references in their oral traditions to the flight of birds and some say that there were range marks onshore pointing to distant islands in line with these flyways. One theory is that they would have taken a frigatebird with them. These birds refuse men land on the water as their feathers will become waterlogged making it impossible to fly. When the voyagers thought they were close to land they may have released the bird, which would either fly towards land or else return to the canoe.
It is likely that the Polynesians also used wave and swell formations to navigate. Another navigational technique may have involved following sea turtle migrations.
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While other navigational techniques may have been sufficient to reach known islands, some research finds only sea turtles could have helped Polynesian navigators reach new islands. Sea turtle migrations are feasible for canoes to follow, at shallow depths, slower speeds, and in large groups. This could explain how Polynesians were able to find and settle the majority of Pacific Islands.
Also, people of the Marshall Islands used special devices called stick chartsshowing the places and directions of swells and wave-breaks, with tiny seashells affixed to them to mark the positions of islands along the way. Materials for these maps were readily available on beaches, and their making was simple; however, their effective use needed years and years of study. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the wider region in the Pacific. For the French collectivity, see French Polynesia. For the genus of moth, see Polynesia moth. Subregion of Oceania.
Polynesia - Wikipedia
Main article: Polynesian outlier. Main article: Austronesian peoples.Polynesia is characterized by a small amount of land spread over a very large portion of the mid- and southern Pacific myuri.co comprises approximately , to , square kilometres (, to , sq mi) of land, of which more than , km 2 (, sq mi) are within New myuri.co Hawaiian archipelago comprises about half the remainder. New Zealand. Pressures see rise in cosmetic procedures among youth. No arrests at Auckland anti-lockdown protest. Northland braces for ongoing Auckland border closure. Aug 30, · New Zealand will ease some Covid restrictions two weeks after the whole country was plunged into lockdown. But Auckland will remain in lockdown for another fortnight after 53 new cases.
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Main article: Polynesian culture. Main article: Polynesian languages. Main article: Polynesian navigation. Vikings of the Sunrise. Zealand and Tombs Ltd. Retrieved 2 March Retrieved 1 October New Zealand Geographic. Southern Margins Project Report. Current Anthropology. Molecular Men and Evolution. PMID Dating of the National Academy of Sciences.
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Chambers; Doug Munro PLOS One. Bibcode : PLoSO. Easter Island: Archaeology, Ecology and Culture. Retrieved 21 June Rowman Altamira. In Ben R. Peter Lang. Berkeley : University of California Press Archived from the original PDF on July 19, Scandinavian Studies. DNA analysis of Polynesians and Native South Americans has revealed an ancient genetic signature that resolves a long-running debate over Polynesian origins and early contacts between the two populations.
Archived from the original on 17 July Retrieved 11 July University of California Press. Introducing World Christianity. As with many dreams, it was taken over and exploited by realists Samoa News. Retrieved 30 July Random House, New Zealand. The New York Times. February Comptes Rendus Biologies. Paradise of the Pacific. Archived from the original PDF on Retrieved Countries and territories of Oceania. Associated states of New Zealand. Niue Cook Islands. Dependencies and other territories.
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Easter Island. Province and special territory of Chile. Covid phasing system 'slightly confusing' - Michael Baker. NZ suicide rate drops for second consecutive year. Ardern urges Auckland parents to get black kids vaccinated. Jack Tame's opinion: Govt's Covid strategy a roadmap with no signs. Covid-positive person apprehended after escaping Auckland MIQ facility. Possible 'gang-related' attack sees man shot four times in back.
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